Aluminum Industry in Turkey and worldwide exports
Production levels, domestic sales and imports and exports have been continuously rising.
The expansion of important consuming industries such as the automobile industry and housing construction, and the demand for semi-finished and finished aluminium products for the packaging industry as well as electric household devices have been influential factors in the growth of the sector.
According to report issued by Talsad (Turkish Association of Aluminium Producers), per-head aluminium consumption rose from 3,8 kg to 6,5 kg between the years 2000 and 2007. To compare, an average quantity of 33 kg of aluminium per head is used in OECD countries. When this figure and the increased industrialisation and modernisation of the country are taken into consideration, it can be said Turkey has a very high domestic sales potential.
This huge development in the sector is known to be due to following factors;
The packaging sector expands annually by 10% and thus has an increased requirement of aluminium foil for foodstuffs and pharmaceuticals
The construction of shopping and leisure centres and other commercial objects with modern façades necessitates an increased quantity of aluminium and glass.
Export potentials in this sector are great as Turkish contracting companies also undertake such projects abroad.
The Turkish automobile manufacturing sector displays an increasing demand for parts and accessories made of aluminium in order to reduce weight and corrosion. This industry is highly export!orientated.
Based on another report by an int’l company, Turkish aluminium consumption increased to 989 thousand tons in 2009 with a CAGR of 5 percent between 2005 and 2009.
On the other hand, Turkey is dependent on imports due to the lack of domestic aluminium supply. 81 percent of the total imports were primary aluminium whereas the main items exported were aluminium extrusions and flat products, bars, rods and profiles, together comprising 55 percent of the total exports in 2009.
Aluminium is mainly imported from Russia, Norway and Germany whereas aluminium products are mainly exported to Germany, Iraq and the UK.
The Turkish aluminium industry comprises around 1500 companies with a total of 18,000 employees. To a large extent they are small!sized enterprises with low capacities. Below table shows the largest and partially expansionist companies that control the domestic market and also exports.
The sector has great potential for exports, the demand from the Turkish contractors abroad to be first in the row.
by İhsan KÜÇÜKSERİM
ex-professional & consultant
Who is Ihsan KÜÇÜKSERİM
Mr. KÜÇÜKSERİM is an ex-professional in the sector who has taken important management posts with one of the pioneering companies in the industry.
He has established and run the export company of the concerned group for many years as well during which he has had the opportunity of acquiring very comprehensive know-how and a substantial portfolio of clients and most reputable investors in the Middle East region in specific.
After having retired from the group several years ago, Mr. KÜÇÜKSERİM has been providing int’l investors with the expertise he possesses in the sector.
He can be contacted at email@example.com